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Monday, 18 June 2018

Weaving

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Weaving Weaving

The types of woven in Skiathos accordance with Father George Rigas in his work "Skiathos Popular Culture" is the following:


“Geranium, called woven with geranium and white thread. With this fabric manufacture towels, tablecloths and sheets.
Twilled, woven striped with white and red or white and geranium, with twilled made pillows and cushions of the couch.
‘Tiriplikenia’ constitutes the greatest part of dowry for each girl, made sheets, tablecloths, towels. ,
‘Mallitika’, are fabrics used for shirts, woolen and ‘chremia’.
‘Sopania’, are used for bed sheets, tablecloths, towels for everyday use.
‘Zervodimita’ used in woolen shirts, pants.
Silk, distinguished in pure silk and silk. The pure silk is used for women's shirts, dresses, bed sheets, towels, tablecloths and bed pillows. The silks wove at the past for bed sheets, towels, tablecloths.
Blankets are two kinds of ‘kilimitikes’ and ‘karamelotes’, the first is wool and the color is red and black or white, the ‘karamelotes’ woven in white cotton, their name taken from different sections of weaving that looked like candies.
Rugs, necessarily for any islanders home. Every girl should be endowed with two to four rugs. With these laid home on holidays.

The rugs are of three kinds
a) rugs with crossbars at these formed by weaving strips from 12 to 15 cm wide, called crossbars, the colors that have crossbars alternate with symmetry and the same order on all rugs. The rugs with crossbars are older designs.
b) Rugs with heart, the whole rugs woven with a color, mostly red, on both ends of the crossbars woven with different colors, the colored part is the heart of the rug, which is woven geometric shapes the ‘kagkiolia’ or ‘psaritses’.
c) Rugs woven throughout with colored woolen thread, usually red and only at the ends of the crossbars are woven in the central part of plain weave one or two or three large like (diamond) entwined with a ‘kagkioli’.
-Rags woven from old rags, clothes or other junk cloths , their use is daily, thus avoiding the frequent use of rugs."

Father George Rigas in the same work gives us a detailed description of the loom which created the citizens of the island all the above. Today, unfortunately, very few have survived...

"The loom composed of four standing square poles, joined at the top with horizontal timbers. Other four horizontal timbers joining the poles in a distance of 50 or 60 cm above the ground. So all the loom takes a rectangle parallelepiped of 2.5 m length and about 1.5 m height. Part of the loom which exposed to the weaver called front and the opposite back.
The components of the loom are:

  • the front and the back, both are wooden drums with a length comparable to the width of the loom.
  • the carpentry consists of two standing flattened timbers called 'vetala'
  • the comb is in many species depends on the rarity or thickness of carpets
  • ‘progkides’, serve to stretch the width of the cloth woven
  • the ‘shaita’, is wooden and has thread
  • ‘patithres’ are wooden and placed in the part were the feet are.
  • rollers are wooden pulleys placed at the top of the loom
  • ‘handlines’ are two pieces of logs reed
  • ‘mitaria’, used by two or four twisted with a special thread"

T. Tzoumas


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